What Are The Rules Of Football latest 2023

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Soccer Rules – Offside

The purpose of the offside rule

The purpose of the offside rule is the same in football as it is in hockey: to prevent cherry-picking from a player who stands in front of the other team’s goal. Without the offside rule, football would be a big game of ping-pong on the pitch, filled with long kicks and crazy alternations up and down the pitch. By preventing any “offside” player from participating in the game, the rule favors dribbling and passing over long kicks. This promotes teamwork, which, in turn, encourages rapid movement from one side of the pitch to the other and compresses the action into a smaller area of ​​the pitch – usually around 30 or 40 yards from long. The end result is that all players stay closer to the action, and everyone has a better chance of participating in the game.

The offside rule:

“Offside position”

A player in an offside position is only penalized if, at the time the ball touches or is played by a member of his team, he is, in the opinion of the referee, involved in active play by interfering the game, or by hindering an opponent. , or gaining an advantage by being in that position.

Law 11 states that a player is in an “offside position” whenever “he is nearer to his opponent’s goal than the ball and the penultimate opponent”, except “when he is in his own half of the playing field”. More simply :

— No one is “offside” in their half of the field.

— No one is “offside” even with or behind the ball.

— No one is “offside” even with or behind two or more opponents.

Additionally, there are three major exceptions to the offside rule. Anyone receiving a ball directly from a throw-in, corner or goal kick cannot be “offside”. So if Sally receives the ball directly from her teammate’s throw-in, it doesn’t matter that she is in an offside position. The fact that it was a throw-in means the play was not offside. However, if she kicks the ball to Jane, who is even further away than Sally, Jane may be offside, as she received the ball from Sally, rather than the throw-in. corner kicks and goal kicks. If the ball comes directly from the restart, the game cannot be offside; but once the first player receives the ball, the “offside” rule comes back into play.

“Involved in active play”

Contrary to some popular misconceptions, the mere fact that a player is in an offside position does not violate the rules. The violation only occurs when an “offside” player becomes involved in play. Thus, the referee – or assistant referee on the sidelines – who allows play to continue even though everyone can see a player well beyond the offside line is probably not missing anything. Rather, they enforce the rule correctly, letting play continue until the player in an “offside position” becomes “offside” by getting involved in play.

There are three – and only three – situations where someone in an offside position is penalized for being “offside”. All, however, require participating in play from an offside position – or, as the rule is worded, becoming “involved in active play” in one of three ways:

— Interfere with play

— Interfering with an opponent, or

— Gaining an advantage by being in an offside position.

The simplest example of “offside” occurs when an offside player receives a pass from a teammate. In this case, he “interferes directly with the game” because he has won the ball. Other examples of the same principle apply this same logic, but seek to spare players a few steps, or coaches and supporters a few heart attacks. Thus, if one or more attackers are trapped offside and run to play the ball, the game will be “offside”. On the other hand, if an offside player withdraws from the game – straightening up, for example, in order to let an onside teammate recover the ball – an alert official will allow play to continue. And if the ball goes directly to the keeper, the officials will usually let the players continue playing.

Although it is not an offense to be in an offside position, a player who never touches the ball may nevertheless affect play in such a way as to be penalized for being offside. The offside player who runs between an opponent and the ball, for example — or one who protects the goalkeeper from a shot, or interferes with the goalkeeper’s ability to jump or recover the ball — breaks the rule offside by participating in the play. But that kind of participation doesn’t come from touching the ball. Rather, it is to interfere with an opponent’s chance of playing the ball. In this case, once the assistant referee sees the participation, the appropriate response is to raise the flag. But, if the offside player gets up, steps aside, or makes it clear that he is withdrawing from the current active game, the alert official will simply allow play to continue.

Among the trickiest things to spot – whether as a spectator or an official – is the player exploiting an offside position to gain an unfair advantage. That doesn’t mean the player “gains an advantage” by avoiding an extra run on a hot day, though. Instead, it means the player takes advantage of their positioning to exploit a lucky deflection or defensive error. So if an offside player is standing beside the goal when his teammate shoots — but is not otherwise interfering with play or preventing the goalkeeper from making the save — then he is not off. -game… and the officials will count the goal. But if the ball bounces, either from the keeper or the goal post, and the offside player hits the rebound home, the game is offside and the goal will not count, as the player now gains an advantage from the offside position.

“When the ball touches or is played by a team-mate…”

The offside rule is the source of more controversy than any other rule in football. That’s partly because there are at least two critical moments of judgment in every offside, or no-call, call. The second of these, the moment of participation, is often easy to see: it’s usually where the ball lands and the players play, and it’s where everyone is watching. But the first ‘moment of truth’ is usually far from everyone’s attention, because what determines the ‘offside position’ is the relative position of each player when the ball is kicked.

Players touch the ball a lot during a football game, often in rapid succession. And football being a fluid game, in a good team every player is constantly on the move. This means that the first moment of judgment – determining whether players are in an offside position – is constantly changing, and the relative position of players will often be very different from moment to moment. Yet referees must keep it all straight and have a heartbeat or less to take a mental snapshot of players’ positioning at a frozen moment in time — the moment the ball is played by a member of a team — – in order to judge whether an offside member of that team then moves to play the ball, interferes with an opponent or gains an advantage from being offside. From the official’s point of view, the game is an endless series of these snapshots, as each new touch of the ball redefines the offside line… and the official often has less than a heartbeat to take her decision.

The important thing to remember is that when to judge “offside position” is different from when to judge participation. And this is true regardless of the direction in which the players are moving. An offside player who comes back onside to receive the ball is still offside; to avoid the call, he cannot participate until another teammate touches the ball, or his opponents manage to recover it. On the other hand, a player who is in play will remain in play no matter how far they travel to retrieve it, and no matter where the other team’s players move in the meantime. So if Steve is onside when Tom sends the ball forward, it doesn’t matter if he is twenty yards behind the defense when he wins the ball. The game will be on the line…because it was on the line when her teammate passed the ball. And if Steve is onside…but Frank is offside…then an attentive official will wait to see which of them moves after the ball — because if Frank goes out of play and lets Steve get it , then play may continue as there is no offside violation.

Football officials and offsides

The offside rule has been a part of football for a long time, sparking arguments and controversy since its inception. But its goal is simple: to prevent “cherry-picking”. Since this is an important part of the game, the referees will enforce the rule to the best of their abilities. But when they call it offside — or let play continue, because they haven’t seen an infraction — they don’t do it out of spite, or to hurt one team or the other. Rather, they do it regardless of which team it hurts or benefits, simply because the rules require it.

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